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Studies and further reading
 

Pain Management

Chronic or Acute Pain, Myalgia, Fibromyalgia
Chronic: Stephen I. Zimmerman, R.P.T.; Fred N. Lerner; Biofeedback and electro medicine: Reduce the cycle of pain-spasm-pain in low-back patients; American Journal of Electromedicine; 1989 Jun, S. 108-120

Jerry T. Holubec; Cumulative Response from Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES) for Chronic Pain; Practical Pain Management; 2009 Nov-Dec (n=525)

Pain relief in fibromyalgia (GFT): Roizenblatt et al; Site-specific effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on sleep and pain in fibromyalgia: a randomized, sham-controlled study. Pain Practice: The official Journal of the World Institute of Pain; 2007; 7:S.297-306

Daniel L. Kirsch; Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation in the Treatment of Fibromyalgia; Practical Pain Management, Electromedicine; Sept 2006; S. 60-64.   

Headache, Migraine
Tension headache: Seymour Solomon, Arthur Elkind, Fred Freitag, R. Michael Gallagher, Kenneth Moore, Bernard Swerdlow, Stanley Malkin; Safety and Effectiveness of Cranial Electrotherapy in the Treatment of Tension Headache; Headache-The Journal of Head and Face pain; July 1989 Vol.29, Nr. 7, S.445-450

D. L. Kirsch; Electromedical Treatment of Headaches; Practical pain management, Electromedicine; 2006 Nov/Dec, S. 58-65

Migraine: P. Brotman; Transcranial Electrotherapy, Low-intensity transcranial electrostimulation improves the efficacy of thermal biofeedback and quieting reflex training in the treatment of classical migraine headache; American Journal of Electromedicine; 1989 Sep, S. 120-123

Knee Arthrosis / Degenerative Knee Joint Disorders
Bertolucci LE, Grey T; Clinical comparative study of microcurrent electrical stimulation to mid-laser and placebo treatment in degenerative joint disease of the temporomandibular joint; Cranio: the journal of craniomandibular practice, 1995 Apr; 13(2): 116-120

TMJ Pain
Degenerative disease of the temporomandibular joint: Bertolucci LE, Grey T; Clinical comparative study of microcurrent electrical stimulation to mid-laser and placebo treatment in degenerative joint disease of the temporomandibular joint; Cranio: the journal of craniomandibular practice, 1995 Apr; 13(2): 116-120

Arthralgia
Bertolucci LE, Grey T; Clinical comparative study of microcurrent electrical stimulation to mid-laser and placebo treatment in degenerative joint disease of the temporomandibular joint; Cranio: the journal of craniomandibular practice,1995 Apr; 13(2): 116-120

Pain in General
Soler M.D., Kumru H., Pelayo R., Vidal J., Tormos J.M., Fregni F., Navarro X., Pascual-Leone A.  Effectiveness of transcranial direct current stimulation and visual illusion on neuropathic pain in spinal cord injury; Brain: A Journal of Neurology; 2010 Sep, 133(9): S. 2565-77. Epub 2010 Aug 4

Muscle Pain
Curtis D; Fallows S; Morris M; McMakin C; The efficacy of frequency specific microcurrent therapy on delayed onset muscle soreness; Journal of body work and movement therapies; 2010 July; Elsevier


 
   
 
 
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